Ceramics

Archive of the Mendocino Heritage Artists

Dorr Bothwell’s Ceramics

Dorr Bothwell homage by chick flick 2

From 1937 to circa 1939, Dorr Bothwell designed small ornamental ceramics, working as an independent contractor for Gladding McBean (GMB) in Los Angeles.

Fortunately many of Dorr Bothwell’s ornamental ceramics have survived, and are popular in resale markets like Ebay. While some of the  images in our archive have been provided by collectors, online resale markets have been the source of most of the Bothwell ceramics images here.

I have been in correspondence with James Elliot-Bishop, who has kindly repaired gaps and errors in previous information about Gladding McBean, its Catalina division, and Dorr Bothwell’s ceramic designs. I am very grateful.

Please bear with me as I fill those gaps and correct those errors. Thanks!

C.G. Blick, Archivist

James F. Elliot-Bishop is the author of Franciscan, Catalina, and Other Gladding, McBean Wares: Ceramic Table and Art Wares 1873-1942 and Franciscan Hand-Decorated Embossed Dinnerware, both from Schiffer Publishing, Ltd.

In addition to his two books, James Elliot-Bishop produced the Franciscan Newsletter from 1992 to 2000, and he maintains the Franciscan Ceramics Archive.

Dorr Bothwell & Gladding McBean

Working as an independent contractor, between 1937 and 1940, Dorr Bothwell designed small ornamental ceramics for Gladding, McBean. Between 1937 and 1940 (or perhaps 1941 or 1942), Gladding, McBean produced Dorr Bothwell’s shapes (designs) in at least three of its lines: Terra Cotta Specialties, Catalina Art Ware, and a third line consisting of Dorr Bothwell’s Peasant Head (C-801)  alone, in a glazed and hand painted version.

All three lines were manufactured at Gladding, McBean’s new pottery at 2901 Los Feliz Boulevard in Los Angeles

1924 aerial photo of the new Gladding, McBean Pottery (the former Tropico Pottery plant), where Dorr Bothwell's small ornamental ceramics would be made. Note, at the bottom of the photo, the Southern Pacific Railroad tracks dividing Los Angeles from Glendale. Photo from the California Historical Society Collection at the University of Southern California, courtesy of the USC Digital Library..
1924 aerial photo of the new Gladding, McBean Pottery (the former Tropico Pottery plant), where Dorr Bothwell’s ornamental ceramics would be made. Note, at the bottom of the photo, the Southern Pacific Railroad tracks dividing Los Angeles from Glendale. Photo from the California Historical Society Collection at the University of Southern California, courtesy of the USC Digital Library.

The former Tropico Pottery was located in the city of Los Angeles (the dividing line between Glendale and Los Angeles was the SP railroad tracks). GMcB had two plants in Los Angeles. When GMcB acquired the Tropico Pottery in 1923, the company referred to the former Tropico Pottery plant as the Glendale plant so as not to confuse the plant with their already existing LA plant. GMcB never had a plant in the city of Glendale. Unfortunately by calling the plant the Glendale plant, this only confused the actual location of the plant” – James Elliot-Bishop for the California Historical Society Collection at USC.

Most of the names of glaze colors noted here are from Gladding, McBean’s 1930s color palette.

Peasant Head was Gladding, McBean’s most popular head vase . It was also GMB’s most pirated ornamental design, which is a tribute of sorts. When GMB ceased production of its ornamental lines, the Peasant Head mold was sold, along with other GMB ornamental ceramics molds, to Weil Ware of California, which produced it from 1952 to 1956. Afterward, Peasant Head molds were available for purchase by hobbyists.

Unlike many mass-produced small decorative ceramics from the 1930s, Dorr Bothwell’s ceramic figures and head vases are designed to be viewed in the round, and are interesting from every angle.

Gladding, McBean 1937 Style Sheet

Sketches of the first art ware designs in Gladding McBean's Terra Cotta Specialties line (1937). Style sheet courtesy of James Elliot-Bishop.
Sketches of the art ware designs in Gladding McBean’s first Terra Cotta Specialties line (1937). All designs shown are by Dorr Bothwell, except for C-805, which was designed by Jean Lawyer (more about Jean Lawyer and  C-805 below). Gladding, McBean style sheet courtesy of James Elliot-Bishop.
Three of Dorr Bothwell's art ware designs for Gladding McBean's Terra Cotta Specialties: (from left) C-803_C-808_C-801. (1937)
Three of Dorr Bothwell’s art ware shapes for Gladding, McBean’s Terra Cotta Specialties: (from left) C-803, C-808, C-801, produced 1937-1941 (terracotta tinted Malinite with Aqua glaze). Note: Woman with Fan (C803, above on left) began as a standard Terra Cotta Specialties product; its skin was painted a translucent pearlescent beige sometime after Gladding, McBean sent it into the world.

James Elliot-Bishop writes: Dorr Bothwell’s designs for Gladding, McBean & Co. were made from 1937-1940 in the Terra Cotta Specialties line. The Terra Cotta line are those items which featured the special stained malinite body (the reddish brown terra cotta) with glazed highlights…

Dorr Bothwell’s Samoan Mother and Child (GMC C-807) stands in a glazed Malinite clay bowl (design formerly attributed to Dorr Bothwell), both from Gladding McBean’s Terra Cotta Specialties line (terracotta tinted Malinite with Turquoise glaze).

Bothwell’s designs were also in the Catalina Art Ware line made from 1937-1941. Items in the Catalina line were glazed with solid colors.

All items in both lines were consistently glazed and/or decorated. There are some variations found; these are experimental pieces or one offs made by employees. – James Elliott Bishop (2018)

Peasant Head (GMB C-801)

Gladding, McBean’s head vase Peasant Head (designed in 1937) is, without question, Dorr Bothwell’s most popular ceramic shape. Dimensions: height – 6 3/4″, depth – 4″, base length – 5 1/2″).

Three versions of Dorr Bothwell's Peasant Head, head vase shape number C-801, designed for Gladding, McBean (1937). Photo courtesy of James Elliot-Bishop.
Three versions of Dorr Bothwell’s Peasant Head, head vase shape number C-801, designed by Dorr Bothwell (1937) for Gladding, McBean. Photo courtesy of James Elliot-Bishop.

In addition to authorized versions, pirates (other companies and some individuals) made Peasant Head molds from Gladding McBean originals, and produced their own versions. Some detail is lost in making a pirate mold from an original, but not much, and the design remains compelling.

James Elliot-Bishop writes: The Peasant Head vase was also copied by Hull potteries which is why Gladding, McBean patented the vase in 1939. You will find the Gladding, McBean-produced Peasant Vase with a sticker or being impressed in the clay as being “Patented.” 

patent-sticker_
Peasant Head (GMB C801) base, with original patent sticker (C-801 U.S. Pat. No. 114801), and standard marking ( stamped MADE IN U.S.A; impressed CATALINA C801 POTTERY ).
Sticker with GMB C801 U.S. patent number, 114801
Enlargement of the U.S. patent sticker on the base above, text: “C . 801 U.S. Pat. No. 114,801.”

Dorr Bothwell sculpted the prototypes of her Catalina/ Gladding, McBean head vases and figures, but once her designs were in production, whether by Gladding McBean artisans,  or by later companies, or by individual hobbyists, others glazed or painted them, giving rise to a highly individual range of embellishments, sometimes classic, often charming, occasionally startling.

Without specific information, the creators of the many imaginative variants are lost to time, and dates here will be approximate, because even today,  fans of the Peasant Head continue their inspired embellishments.

Frederic & Mary Grant and Weil Ware

This embellished Gladding, McBean Peasant Head shape (C801), designed by Dorr Bothwell, is not a GMB product, and almost certainly dates from the 1950s or later. Without more information, the creators of these imaginative variants are lost to time, and dates will be approximate.
This embellished Gladding, McBean Peasant Head shape (C801), designed by Dorr Bothwell (1937), is not a GMB product, but might be Weil Ware from the 1950s.
Dorr Bothwell’s  Peasant Woman head vase (GMB C-801) was designed for Gladding McBean in 1937 , but this later piece, decorated by Max Weil, was produced by Weil Ware of California sometime between 1954 and 1956. Text on the label: ” ‘BABUSHKA’ / MAX WEIL; DECORATED HEAD VASE: $225″

James Elliot-Bishop continues: Frederic Grant was the plant manager for Gladding, McBean from 1934-1953. Mary Grant was his wife and designed for Gladding, McBean from 1934-1953.

After 1953, they purchased Weil Ware of California and purchased many of the molds used by Gladding, McBean from their Catalina Art Ware line. Gladding, McBean ceased making art ware in 1942.

Weil Ware of California acquired the mold for the Peasant Head vase,  and produced it in various hand-painted versions from 1954-56.

After Weil Ware closed, many of the molds were bought by hobbyists. This is a reason you will find the Peasant Head vase unmarked, in different clay bodies & in off versions [made] from Gladding, McBean or Weil Ware produced ware.

– James F. Elliot-Bishop, in an email to Mendocino Heritage Artists’ Archivist, C.G. Blick (August 16, 2018)

Terra Cotta Specialties Peasant Head (C-801)

Above, two views of Peasant Head (GMcB C-801), a head vase designed by Dorr Bothwell (1937), art ware for the Catalina Division of Gladding McBean, Terra Cotta Specialties line(terracotta tinted Malinite with Delph Blue glaze).

Impressed into base: CATALINA POTTERY; C801. Stamped: MADE IN U.S.A.
Above, four views of Peasant Head (C-801), a head vase designed by Dorr Bothwell (1937), for Gladding, McBean’s Terra Cotta Specialties line (terracotta tinted Malinite with Delph Blue glaze). The base is impressed: CATALINA C 801 POTTERY, and stamped: MADE IN U.S.A.
Dorr Bothwell's Peasant Head (C-801), Gladding, McBean's Terra Cotta Specialties line, Aqua glaze.
Dorr Bothwell’s Peasant Head (C-801), Gladding, McBean’s Terra Cotta Specialties line, Aqua glaze.

Catalina Art Ware Peasant Head (C-801)

Three of Dorr Bothwell’s Peasant Head vases (GMB C801) from the Catalina Art Ware line (Delph Blue, White, Rose Pink.).
Peasant-Head_GMB_C-801_head-vase_Dorr-Bothwell_Catalina-Art-Ware_1937-1941
Dorr Bothwell’s 1937 Peasant Head (GMB C-801) from the Catalina Art Ware line (Jade Green glaze).
801_base_Dorr-Bothwell_Catalina-Art-Ware_1937-1941
Base of the Peasant Head above, impressed: CATALINA C 801 POTTERY.
Dorr Bothwell's Peasant Head in GMB's Pale Yellow glaze, Catalina Art Ware line.
Dorr Bothwell’s Peasant Head in GMB’s Pale Yellow glaze, Catalina Art Ware line.

This photo of Dorr Bothwell’s GMB shape 801-C, and the one above, are two views of the same Peasant Head, Catalina Art Ware Line (Ivory glaze).
Inside the vase of this Dorr Bothwell Peasant Head (GMB C801), there is a little platform to support a container for a tiny plant.  Catalina Art Ware Line (Ivory glaze).

 

This photo of Dorr Bothwell’s GMB shape 801-C, and the one above, are two views of the same Peasant Head, Catalina Art Ware Line (Aqua glaze).
Shape 801-C, Dorr Bothwell's Peasant Head (Delph Blue glaze).
Shape 801-C, Dorr Bothwell’s Peasant Head, GMB Catalina Art Ware Line (Delph Blue glaze).
Dorr Bothwell's Peasant Head (GMB 801-C), Catalina Art Ware Line (Rose Pink glaze)
Dorr Bothwell’s Peasant Head (GMB 801-C), Catalina Art Ware Line (Rose Pink glaze)

This photo of shape 801-C, and the one above, are two views of the same Peasant Head (White glaze).
This photo of shape 801-C, and the one above, are two views of the same Peasant Head, GMB Catalina Art Ware Line (White glaze).
Another view of shape 801-C, Dorr Bothwell's Peasant Head (White glaze).
Another view of shape 801-C, Dorr Bothwell’s Peasant Head, GMB Catalina Art Ware Line (White glaze).
This photo reveals, inside the vase of Dorr Bothwell’s Peasant Head (GMB C-801), an unexpected, completely different face (Catalina Art Ware Line, White glaze).

Special Series Glazed and Handpainted Peasant Head (C-801)

[In addition to the Peasant Head in GMB’s Terra Cotta Specialties and Catalina Art Ware lines] Peasant Head vase was also made in a hand-painted version by Gladding, McBean for a shorter time period between 1937-41. This head vase came in only a limited number of painted versions and always are marked “Catalina Pottery.”James Elliot-Bishop (2018)

 

Here and below, two views of the same glazed and hand painted GMB Peasant Head. The base is Impressed: CATALINA C 801 POTTERY, and stamped: MADE IN U.S.A.

 

Photo courtesy of Claire Amanno.

 

 

Peasant Woman, glazed terracotta head vase designed by Dorr Bothwell for the Catalina Division of Gladding McBean in Los Angeles (c. 1937).

 

 

 

 

 

 

Above, three views of the same glazed and hand painted head vase, Peasant Head, designed by Dorr Bothwell (1937) for Gladding, McBean. Dorr Bothwell . As with all bases in GMB's Hand Painted Peasant Head line, the base is impressed: CATALINA C 801 POTTERY, and stamped: MADE IN U.S.A. GMB shape C-801 was patented in 1939. The patent sticker on the base indicates that this piece was produced in that year, or later. Cream glazed body with hand painted details in GMB 1930s colors: Red-Orange, Burgundy, and Jade Green.
Above, three views of the same glazed and hand painted head vase, Peasant Head, designed by Dorr Bothwell (1937) for Gladding, McBean. Dorr Bothwell . As with all bases in GMB’s Hand Painted Peasant Head line, the base is impressed: CATALINA C 801 POTTERY, and stamped: MADE IN U.S.A. GMB shape C-801 was patented in 1939. The patent sticker on the base indicates that this piece was produced in that year, or later. Cream glazed body with hand painted details in GMB 1930s colors: Red-Orange, Burgundy, and Jade Green.

Above, three views of the same glazed and hand painted head vase, Peasant Head, designed by Dorr Bothwell (1937) for Gladding, McBean. Dorr Bothwell . As with all bases in GMB’s Hand Painted Peasant Head line, the base is impressed: CATALINA C 801 POTTERY, and stamped: MADE IN U.S.A. GMB shape C-801 was patented in 1939. The patent sticker on the base indicates that this piece was produced in that year, or later.  Cream glazed body with hand painted details in GMB 1930s colors: Red-Orange, Burgundy, and Jade Green.

 

 

Peasant Woman, glazed terracotta head vase designed by Dorr Bothwell for the Catalina Division of Gladding McBean in Los Angeles (c. 1938).
Peasant Woman, glazed terracotta head vase designed by Dorr Bothwell for the Catalina Division of Gladding McBean in Los Angeles (c. 1938).
Peasant Woman, glazed terracotta head vase designed by Dorr Bothwell for the Catalina Division of Gladding McBean in Los Angeles (c. 1938).
Peasant Woman, glazed terracotta head vase designed by Dorr Bothwell for the Catalina Division of Gladding McBean in Los Angeles (c. 1938).
Peasant Woman, glazed terracotta head vase designed by Dorr Bothwell for the Catalina Division of Gladding McBean in Los Angeles (c. 1938).

 

 

 

Peasant Woman, glazed terracotta head vase designed by Dorr Bothwell for the Catalina Division of Gladding McBean in Los Angeles (c. 1938).

Ghinese Yellow glaze

Peasant Woman, glazed terracotta head vase designed by Dorr Bothwell for the Catalina Division of Gladding McBean in Los Angeles (c. 1938).
Peasant Woman, glazed terracotta head vase designed by Dorr Bothwell for the Catalina Division of Gladding McBean in Los Angeles (c. 1938).
Peasant Woman, glazed terracotta head vase designed by Dorr Bothwell for the Catalina Division of Gladding McBean in Los Angeles (c. 1938).
Peasant Woman, glazed terracotta head vase designed by Dorr Bothwell for the Catalina Division of Gladding McBean in Los Angeles (c. 1938).

 

Peasant Woman, glazed terracotta head vase designed by Dorr Bothwell for the Catalina Division of Gladding McBean in Los Angeles (c. 1938).

Turquoise glaze

Peasant Woman, glazed terracotta head vase designed by Dorr Bothwell for the Catalina Division of Gladding McBean in Los Angeles (c. 1938).
Peasant Woman, glazed terracotta head vase designed by Dorr Bothwell for the Catalina Division of Gladding McBean in Los Angeles (c. 1938).
Peasant Woman, glazed terracotta head vase designed by Dorr Bothwell for the Catalina Division of Gladding McBean in Los Angeles (c. 1938).

 

Peasant Woman, glazed terracotta head vase designed by Dorr Bothwell for the Catalina Division of Gladding McBean in Los Angeles (c. 1938).

Delph Blue glaze

Peasant Woman, glazed terracotta head vase designed by Dorr Bothwell for the Catalina Division of Gladding McBean in Los Angeles (c. 1937).

 

Base of Peasant Woman head vase, designed by Dorr Bothwell for the Catalina Division of Gladding McBean in Los Angeles (c. 1937).

Rose Pink glaze

Base of Peasant Woman head vase, designed by Dorr Bothwell for the Catalina Division of Gladding McBean in Los Angeles (c. 1938).

 

Dove Vase (GMB C-802)

 

White glaze

Delph Blue glaze

Above, three views of Dorr Bothwell’s Dove Vase.

Woman with Fan (GMB C-803)

The head vase Woman with Fan (GMB C803) was designed by Dorr Bothwell (1937) for the Catalina Division of Gladding McBean in Los Angeles.

 

Base of Dorr Bothwell’s Woman with Fan head vase (1937)., inprinted: CATALINA POTTERY; MADE IN U.S.A.

 

 

Aqua glaze

Jade Green

l

Woman with Fan (GMB C-803)

The head vase Woman with Fan (GMB C803) was designed by Dorr Bothwell (1937) for Gladding, McBean in Los Angeles.

 

Base of Dorr Bothwell’s Woman with Fan head vase (1937)., inprinted: CATALINA POTTERY; MADE IN U.S.A.

 

 

Aqua glaze

Jade Green

l

 

 

Woman with Turban (GMB C-809)

Samoan Mother and Child (GMB C-807)

Samoan Mother and Child, shape number C807, was designed by Dorr Bothwell (1937) for the Catalina Division of Gladding McBean where it remained in production from 1937 to 1941.

Catalina Art Ware Samoan Mother and Child (C807)

Samoan Mother and Child (GMB C80) by Dorr Bothwell (1937) for Catalina Art Ware line.
Samoan Mother and Child (GMB C807) by Dorr Bothwell (1937) for Gladding, McBean’s Catalina Art Ware line.
Mother and Child (GMB C807) by Dorr Bothwell (1937), in Gladding, McBean's Catalina Art Ware line (1937-1942)..
View of the top of Dorr Bothwell’s Samoan Mother and Child (GMB C807).
Base of Dorr Bothwell's Samoan Mother and Child (GMB C807), stamped "MADE IN U.S.A."
Base of Dorr Bothwell’s Samoan Mother and Child (GMB C807), stamped “MADE IN U.S.A.”

Above, three views of Dorr Bothwell’s Samoan Mother and Child (GMB C807), from Gladding, McBean’s Catalina Art Ware line (1937-1941). Ivory glaze.

Terra Cotta Specialties

Samoan-Mother-and-Child_GMB C by Dorr Bothwell (1937) for Terra Cotta Expressions line.
Samoan Mother and Child (GMB C 807) by Dorr Bothwell (1937) for Gladding, McBean’s Terra Cotta Expressions line (1937-1941).
Base of Dorr Bothwell's Samoan Mother and Child (GMB C 807,) in Gladding, McBean's Terra Cotta Expressions line (1937-1942).
Base of Dorr Bothwell’s Samoan Mother and Child (GMB C 807,) in Gladding, McBean’s Terra Cotta Expressions line (1937-1941).

Turquoise glaze

Turquoise glaze and Delph Blue

Reclining Samoan Woman (GMB C-808)

The 5″ x 8″ ornamental ceramic figure Reclining Samoan Woman was designed by Dorr Bothwell in 1937,  and produced by Gladding, McBean, from 1937 to 1941, in two separate lines, Terra Cotta Specialties (terracotta tinted Malinite with colored partial glazes), and Catalina Art Ware (solid color glazes).

Dorr Bothwell's Reclining Samoan Woman (GMB C808), designed for Gladding, McBean's Terra Cotta Specialties (1937-1942).
Above, two views of Dorr Bothwell’s Reclining Samoan Woman (GMB C-808), from Gladding, McBean’s Terra Cotta Specialties, with Jade Green glaze and hand painted foliage.

In Gladding, McBean’s Catalina Art Ware line, the Reclining Samoan Woman reappears with a large blossom in her hair.

Dorr Bothwell's Reclining Samoan Woman (GMB C-808), from Gladding, McBean's Catalina Art Ware, with Black glaze.
Dorr Bothwell’s Reclining Samoan Woman (GMB C-808) with Black glaze, Catalina Art Ware, Gladding, McBean.

 

Above, two views of Dorr Bothwell's Reclining Samoan Woman (GMB C-808), with Ivory glaze, from Gladding, McBean's Catalina Art Ware.
Above, two views of Dorr Bothwell’s Reclining Samoan Woman (GMB C-808), with Ivory glaze, from Gladding, McBean’s Catalina Art Ware.
Dorr Bothwell's Reclining Samoan Woman (GMB C808), designed for Gladding, McBean's Catalina Art Ware line (1937-1942).
Dorr Bothwell’s Reclining Samoan Woman (GMB C808) with White glaze.

Samoan Woman (GMB C-804)

Aptly called heroic, for its aspect as much as its size, at 13 inches high, Samoan Woman (GMB C804) is the largest of several head vases designed by Dorr Bothwell (1937) for the Catalina Division of Gladding McBean.

 

Ivory glaze

White glaze

Dubonnet glaze

Terra Cotta Specialties

Jade Green glaze

Delph Blue glaze

 

Woman with Turban

The Woman with Turban head vase was designed by Dorr Bothwell (c. 1938), and produced in Gladding, McBean’s Terra Cotta Specialties and Catalina Art Ware lines, between 1937 and 1941. Dimensions: height 9 1/4″, width 6 3/4″, depth 7 1/4″.

Above, four views of Dorr Bothwell’s Woman with Turban head vase (1940) from GMB’s Terra Cotta Specialties line. The body of the piece is terracotta stained Malinite; the turban glaze is a satin Black, the interior of the vase is glazed in gloss Burgundy or Dubonnet, and the earrings’ glaze is a gloss medium blue,  either Mexican Blue, or “Glacial Blue Turquoise”, a color not listed on the GMB 1930s color sheet.

 

Jean Lawyer’s Woman with Round Hat (GMB C-805)

Woman with Round Hat head vase (GMB C805), by Jean Lawyer (1937) for the GMB Catalina Art Ware line, Malinite with solid color glaze.
Woman with Round Hat head vase (GMB C805) by Jean Lawyer (1937) for GMB’s Catalina Art Ware line, in Malinite with solid color glaze.

Woman with Round Hat head vase shape (GMB C-805), formerly attributed to Dorr Bothwell, was designed by Jean Lawyer in 1937, for Gladding McBean’s Catalina Division, and produced at the Glendale plant, Los Angeles County, California. The shape was in production at GMB, in both the Terra Cotta Specialties and Catalina Art Ware lines, from 1937 to 1942.

Like the Peasant Head (GMB C801), Woman with Round Hat (GMB C805) was patented in 1939, but by Jean Lawyer, its designer, rather than by Gladding, McBean.

Jean Lawyer's US patent for GMB head vase (May 16, 1939).
Jean Lawyer’s US patent for GMB head vase (May 16, 1939).

Woman with Round Hat head vase (GMB C805), by Jean Lawyer (1937) for Terra Cotta Expressions, terracotta stained Malinite with yellow glazed hat, and turquoise glazed clothing
Woman with Round Hat head vase (GMB C805), by Jean Lawyer (1937) for Terra Cotta Expressions; terracotta stained Malinite with Chinese Yellow glazed hat, and Turquoise glazed clothing (above).
A pencil poins to faintly stamped MADE IN U.S.A. on the base of Jean Lawyer's head vase Woman with Round Hat(GMB C805). C805 is marked in grease pencil on the
A pencil points to the faint stamp, MADE IN U.S.A., on the base of Jean Lawyer’s head vase Woman with Round Hat (GMB C805). C805 is marked in grease pencil on the edge of the back rim.
A standard Woman with Round Hat head vase (GMB C805), by Jean Lawyer for Terra Cotta Expressions, terracotta stained Malinite with yellow glazed hat, and turquoise glazed clothing, embellished with painted features and hair after firing. See "Made in U.S.A." stamp and identification markings on base (above).
A standard Woman with Round Hat head vase (GMB C805), by Jean Lawyer for Terra Cotta Expressions, terracotta-stained Malinite with yellow glazed hat, and turquoise glazed clothing, embellished after firing, with painted features and hair . See “Made in U.S.A.” stamp and identification markings on base (above).

Woman with Collar (GMB)

While the Woman with Collar (also called Bust of Lady) head vase shape does not appear on Gladding, McBean’s first style sheet (1937), and its shape number is not known, it was produced sometime between 1938 and 1940 in GMB’s Terra Cotta Specialties and Catalina Art Ware lines

Peasant Head by Dorr Bothwell to the left of Woman with Collar, probably designed by Jean Lawyer, both shapes were produced in Gladding, McBean's Catalina Art Ware line, (Cream glaze).
Peasant Head by Dorr Bothwell to the left of Woman with Collar, probably designed by Jean Lawyer, both shapes were produced in Gladding, McBean’s Catalina Art Ware line, (Cream glaze).

The design of Woman with Collar has been attributed to Dorr Bothwell, but it shares more similarities with Jean Lawyer’s Woman with Round Hat, than to any of Bothwell’s documented designs for Gladding, McBean.

Photo courtesy of James Elliot-Bishop
Photo courtesy of James Elliot-Bishop

 Compare Woman with Collar with Jean Lawyer’s Woman with Round Hat, especially the sensitive modeling of the brow in both pieces, the muscles above the eyes, visible through the skin, so different from the smooth, rounded foreheads of Dorr Bothwell’s women. Consider the short upper lip on each, the almost identical static set of the shoulders, and a similar treatment of the bosom in these two figures. Also, except for the Woman with Turban, and Woman with Broad Brimmed Hat (if it is a Bothwell), both of which are heads, rather than busts or figures, Bothwell delights in woman with hands.

More photos, including photos of bases, might aid in learning the production history of this charming piece.

 

The Conch Shell
Gladding McBean ceramic designs attributed to Dorr Bothwell include this conch shell, with Ivory glazed exterior, and Coral glazed interior.

Two views of Gladding, McBean’s ceramic conch shell vase, attributed to Dorr Bothwell (c. 1938). Catalina Division of Gladding McBean.

A conch shell appears again the following year, in Bothwell’s painting, The Birth of Venus, exhibited (1939 and 1940) in the Golden Gate International Exposition, held on San Francisco’s Treasure Island.

The Birth of Venus by Dorr Bothwell (1939). Oil. Private collection. Exhibited in the Golden Gate International Exposition (1939 and 1940), held at San Francisco's Treasure Island.
The Birth of Venus by Dorr Bothwell (1939). Oil. Private collection.

The conch shell’s use as a musical instrument is part of Fa’a Samoa, the Samoan Way, including on Ta’ū, American Samoa, where Bothwell lived ten years earlier.

Conchs are a traditional Samoan musical instrument.

After her time in Samoa, for the rest of her life, Dorr Bothwell’s love and respect for the Samoan people and their aesthetics found expression in her art, and  Samoan women are the subjects of some of Bothwell’s work for the Catalina division of Gladding McBean.

 

 

Woman with Broad Brimmed Hat

The ceramic head vase Woman with Broad Brimmed Hat has been attributed to Dorr Bothwell because it looks like her work.  However there is no record of it having been produced by Gladding McBean, and there is no evidence that Dorr Bothwell designed ceramics for other companies,  although,  when Gladding McBean discontinued its artware lines, Weil Ware of California bought GMcB molds, and produced some of Bothwell’s designs in the early 1950s.

A post-World War II edition of Woman with Broad Brimmed Hat was made in Japan for export.

The beautiful head, with its soft features,  distinctive hairstyle, and elegant hat, appears to be that of an American woman of color. The uniform light cream glaze would have allowed the head vase a wider market in  the United States, which remained heavily segregated into the 1960s.

Catalina Pottery
Catalina Clay Products, a division of the Santa Catalina Island Company, produced brick, tile, tableware and decorative pottery on Santa Catalina Island, California, using clays and glazing minerals mined on the Island, providing much needed year-round employment for Island residents. In 1937, Gladding, McBean & Co. acquired all of the assets of the company, and the pottery on the Island was closed. All molds and equipment were moved to Gladding, McBean & Co.’s Glendale plant (Franciscan dinnerware division) in Los Angeles. Gladding, McBean continued to produce Catalina art ware and dinnerware shapes for their Catalina Pottery art ware lines until 1942. From: Catalina Pottery, Wikipedia

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